Ancient Monuments

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Partially quarried cup and groove marked rock between track and wall at east end of Foldshaw Ridge, 470m south of the shooting shelter, Middleton Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Middleton, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.9605 / 53°57'37"N

Longitude: -1.8245 / 1°49'28"W

OS Eastings: 411612.69272

OS Northings: 451611.970864

OS Grid: SE116516

Mapcode National: GBR HQPN.S1

Mapcode Global: WHC8G.YQC6

Entry Name: Partially quarried cup and groove marked rock between track and wall at east end of Foldshaw Ridge, 470m south of the shooting shelter, Middleton Moor

Scheduled Date: 12 January 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014176

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28030

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Middleton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ilkley All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, hewn on the south side and
partly covered in vegetation. An accuate NGR for this monument is SE 11611
51610. The visible part of the rock measures 2.4m by 0.9m by 0.7m. It is
situated on Middleton Moor, at the east end of Foldshaw Ridge, between the
track and the wall, and 15m south of the gate into Middleton Moor Enclosure.
The carving consists of one cup mark with a long, narrow, curving groove.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms part of the prehistoric
landscape of Middleton Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Feather, S, 'Bradford Archaeology Group Bulletin' in Bradford Archaeology Group Bulletin, (), 64-67
Feather, S, 'Bradford Archaeology Group Bulletin' in Bradford Archaeology Group Bulletin, (), 64-67

Source: Historic England

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