Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two carved rocks, one dome-shaped and one ridged, near grouse butts on Foldshaw Ridge 880m ESE of Wards End, Middleton Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Middleton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 53.9603 / 53°57'37"N

Longitude: -1.8285 / 1°49'42"W

OS Eastings: 411352.713299

OS Northings: 451591.406881

OS Grid: SE113515

Mapcode National: GBR HQNN.Y3

Mapcode Global: WHC8G.WQHB

Entry Name: Two carved rocks, one dome-shaped and one ridged, near grouse butts on Foldshaw Ridge 880m ESE of Wards End, Middleton Moor

Scheduled Date: 30 April 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014156

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28022

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Middleton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ilkley All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds


The monument includes two carved gritstone rocks, one dome-shaped and one
ridged situated near the line of grouse butts on the south flank of Foldshaw
Ridge, Middleton Moor, between butts numbered five and six.
The western dome-shaped rock (accurate NGR: SE1134851594) measures 0.35m by
0.3m by 0.15m and has two cup marks under vegetation at the foot of the
sloping face.
The eastern rock (acuurate NGR: SE1135351594) is a prominent, ridged stone
with a triangular profile measuring 1.1m by 0.9m by 0.6m. There are five
certain cup marks, three of which are located at the top of the south face and
other possible cups carved on it. This rock also bears shot marks and natural

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carvings on these rocks survive well and form part of the prehistoric
landscape of Middleton Moor.

Source: Historic England

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