Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Large rock with cup marks and cup and ring on Foldshaw Ridge 810m ESE of Wards End, Middleton Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Nesfield with Langbar, North Yorkshire

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 53.961 / 53°57'39"N

Longitude: -1.8295 / 1°49'46"W

OS Eastings: 411282.206727

OS Northings: 451675.248034

OS Grid: SE112516

Mapcode National: GBR HQNM.QT

Mapcode Global: WHC8G.VPZR

Entry Name: Large rock with cup marks and cup and ring on Foldshaw Ridge 810m ESE of Wards End, Middleton Moor

Scheduled Date: 30 April 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014153

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28018

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Nesfield with Langbar

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ilkley All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a prominent, weathered, carved gritstone rock, 3m by
2.8m by 1.3m. An accurate NGR for the monument is SE1128051674. It is situated
on Middleton Moor, on Foldshaw Ridge, south of the path along the ridge.
The carving consists of more than 13 cups, one with a partial ring, and one or
more grooves.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carvings on these rocks survive well and form part of the prehistoric
landscape of Middleton Moor.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.