Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Rock with seven cup marks enclosed by a groove south of Foldshaw Ridge, 490m south of shooting shelter, Middleton Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Middleton, North Yorkshire

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 53.9607 / 53°57'38"N

Longitude: -1.8253 / 1°49'30"W

OS Eastings: 411561.701507

OS Northings: 451632.548372

OS Grid: SE115516

Mapcode National: GBR HQPM.MY

Mapcode Global: WHC8G.YQ01

Entry Name: Rock with seven cup marks enclosed by a groove south of Foldshaw Ridge, 490m south of shooting shelter, Middleton Moor

Scheduled Date: 11 January 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014173

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28027

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Middleton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ilkley All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a carved gritstone rock. An accurate NGR for the
monument is SE 11558 51641. It is situated on Middleton Moor, immediately
south of the track along Foldshaw Ridge, and adjacent to the track. The rock
is 0.7m by 0.5m by 0.4m.
The carving consists of seven cup marks with an enclosing groove.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms part of the prehistoric
landscape of Middleton Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Feather, S, 'Bradford Archaeology Group Bulletin' in Bradford Archaeology Group Bulletin, (), 50-51
Feather, S, 'Bradford Archaeology Group Bulletin' in Bradford Archaeology Group Bulletin, (), 50-51

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.