Ancient Monuments

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Cup, ring and groove marked rock at east end of the low ridge between Dryas Dike and Delves Beck 980m ESE of Wards End, Middleton Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Middleton, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.9577 / 53°57'27"N

Longitude: -1.8283 / 1°49'42"W

OS Eastings: 411360.205416

OS Northings: 451299.612997

OS Grid: SE113512

Mapcode National: GBR HQNP.Z1

Mapcode Global: WHC8G.WSJC

Entry Name: Cup, ring and groove marked rock at east end of the low ridge between Dryas Dike and Delves Beck 980m ESE of Wards End, Middleton Moor

Scheduled Date: 30 April 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014157

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28023

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Middleton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ilkley All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a carved gritstone rock, currently hidden by moss and
heather, and level with the ground. An accurate NGR for the monument is
SE1135951299. It is situated on Middleton Moor, on the ridge between Dryas
Dike and Delves Beck, between the fence and the upstanding rectangular rock.
Its approximate size is 0.6m by 0.4m. The carving consists of two cup marks
with partial rings and short grooves.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Prehistoric rock art is found on natural rock outcrops in many areas of upland
Britain. It is especially common in the north of England in Northumberland,
Durham and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form of decoration is the
`cup and ring' marking where expanses of small cup-like hollows are pecked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the `rings' may
also exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur, but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one of our most important
insights into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains
unknown, but they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols.
Frequently they are found close to contemporary burial monuments and the
symbols are also found on portable stones placed directly next to burials or
incorporated in burial mounds. Around 800 examples of prehistoric rock-art
have been recorded in England. This is unlikely to be a realistic reflection
of the number carved in prehistory. Many will have been overgrown or destroyed
in activities such as quarrying. All positively identified prehistoric rock
art sites exhibiting a significant group of designs will normally be
identified as nationally important.

The carving on this rock survives well and forms part of the prehistoric
landscape of Middleton Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Feather, S, 'Bradford Archaeology Group Bulletin' in Bradford Archaeology Group Bulletin, (), 14-16
Feather, S, 'Bradford Archaeology Group Bulletin' in Bradford Archaeology Group Bulletin, (), 14-16

Source: Historic England

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