Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Cup marked rock and small cairn between Dryas Dike and Foldshaw Ridge 730m ESE of Wards End, Middleton Moor

A Scheduled Monument in Nesfield with Langbar, North Yorkshire

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 53.9596 / 53°57'34"N

Longitude: -1.8313 / 1°49'52"W

OS Eastings: 411163.233987

OS Northings: 451509.771877

OS Grid: SE111515

Mapcode National: GBR HQNN.9C

Mapcode Global: WHC8G.VQ3W

Entry Name: Cup marked rock and small cairn between Dryas Dike and Foldshaw Ridge 730m ESE of Wards End, Middleton Moor

Scheduled Date: 30 April 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014151

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28014

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Nesfield with Langbar

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Ilkley All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Leeds

Details

The monument includes a cup marked rock (accurate NGR is SE 1116351515) and a
small cairn, 730m ESE of Wards End. They are situated to the east of a length
of boulder walling which corresponds approximately to the boundary of
Middleton civil parish.
The carving on the rock consists of a large number of cups of varying sizes.
The ditchless cairn is located 5m to the north west of the rock and is c.3m in
diameter and c.0.3m high.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age
(c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or
multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined
compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch.
Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the
modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are
the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide
important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation
amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of
their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of protection.

Prehistoric rock carving is found on natural boulders and rock outcrops in
many areas of upland Britain. It is especially common in the north of England
in Northumberland, Durham, and North and West Yorkshire. The most common form
of decoration is the `cup' marking, where small cup-like hollows are worked
into the surface of the rock. These cups may be surrounded by one or more
`rings'. Single pecked lines extending from the cup through the rings may also
exist, providing the design with a `tail'. Other shapes and patterns also
occur but are less frequent. Carvings may occur singly, in small groups, or
may cover extensive areas of rock surface. They date to the Late Neolithic and
Bronze Age periods (2800-c.500 BC) and provide one our most important insights
into prehistoric `art'. The exact meaning of the designs remains unknown, but
they may be interpreted as sacred or religious symbols. All positively
identified prehistoric rock carvings sites will normally be identified as
nationally important.
This monument includes a carved rock and a cairn. The carvings on the rock
survive well. The cairn is undisturbed and will retain information on its
original form and function as well as on its relationship to the adjacent
carved rock. Together they form part of the prehistoric landscape on Middleton
Moor.

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.