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Bowl barrow on Weacombe Hill, 300m SSW of Bicknoller Post

A Scheduled Monument in Bicknoller, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1529 / 51°9'10"N

Longitude: -3.2477 / 3°14'51"W

OS Eastings: 312834.494109

OS Northings: 140036.180523

OS Grid: ST128400

Mapcode National: GBR LV.7M1F

Mapcode Global: VH6GX.N9G0

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Weacombe Hill, 300m SSW of Bicknoller Post

Scheduled Date: 29 January 1976

Last Amended: 9 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014125

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22082

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Bicknoller

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow on the east side of the top of Weacombe
Hill on the Quantocks. The barrow forms part of a wider mixed cemetery on the
hill which includes three barrows and two cairns.
The barrow has a mound which measures 13m in diameter and is c.0.7m high.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch. This can no longer be seen at ground level
but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.
The surface of the mound is uneven, a characteristic of previous
investigation. The barrow was found by A T Wicks in 1926.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The area of the Quantock Hills, although small in extent, is one of the few
remaining expanses of open moorland in southern Britain. Its archaeological
importance lies in the existence of a landscape displaying examples of
monuments tracing the exploitation of the hills from the Bronze Age onwards.
Well-preserved monuments from the Bronze Age and Iron Age, including round
barrows, cairns, settlements, hillforts and a trackway, as well as later
industrial remains, give insights into changes in the pattern of land use on
the hills through time. These earthworks are one of the key components of the
Quantocks' broader landscape character.
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. In excess of 30 bowl barrows can be found on
the Quantock Hills. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations among early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite partial disturbance, this bowl barrow is integral to the mixed
cemetery on Weacombe Hill. It survives well and will contain archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the mixed cemetery and the
landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Wicks, A T, Barrow Lore, (1933), 104-108
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Somerset Archaeological and Nat.Hist. Society' in Somerset Barrows Part 1, , Vol. 113, (1960), 27

Source: Historic England

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