Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Longstone Hill, 270m north east of Bicknoller Post

A Scheduled Monument in Kilve, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.157 / 51°9'25"N

Longitude: -3.244 / 3°14'38"W

OS Eastings: 313099.525545

OS Northings: 140485.479403

OS Grid: ST130404

Mapcode National: GBR LV.77ZP

Mapcode Global: VH6GX.Q5DW

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Longstone Hill, 270m north east of Bicknoller Post

Scheduled Date: 5 January 1973

Last Amended: 7 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014130

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22087

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Kilve

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow on the west facing slope of Longstone Hill
on the Quantocks.
The barrow has a mound which measures 11m in diameter and is c.1.2m high.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was excavated during the
construction of the barrow. This can no longer be seen at ground level but
survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.
A central depression c.2m in diameter and 0.5m deep is indicative of
antiquarian investigation.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The area of the Quantock Hills, although small in extent, is one of the few
remaining expanses of open moorland in southern Britain. Its archaeological
importance lies in the existence of a landscape displaying examples of
monuments tracing the exploitation of the hills from the Bronze Age onwards.
Well-preserved monuments from the Bronze Age and Iron Age, including round
barrows, cairns, settlements, hillforts and a trackway, as well as later
industrial remains, give insights into changes in the pattern of land use on
the hills through time. These earthworks are one of the key components of the
Quantocks' broader landscape character.
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. In excess of 30 bowl barrows can be found on
the Quantock Hills. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations among early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite indications of previous investigation, the bowl barrow on Longstone
Hill survives well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Smerset Archaeological and Nat.Hist Society' in Somerset Barrows Part 1, , Vol. 113, (1969), 30

Source: Historic England

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