Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow on Thorncombe Hill, 1.07km north east of Paradise Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Bicknoller, Somerset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1481 / 51°8'53"N

Longitude: -3.2447 / 3°14'41"W

OS Eastings: 313030.210095

OS Northings: 139495.086151

OS Grid: ST130394

Mapcode National: GBR LV.7V3K

Mapcode Global: VH6GX.QD0Q

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Thorncombe Hill, 1.07km north east of Paradise Farm

Scheduled Date: 18 September 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1015078

English Heritage Legacy ID: 29351

County: Somerset

Civil Parish: Bicknoller

Traditional County: Somerset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Somerset

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow on the hill top plateau of Thorncombe Hill
on the sandstone ridge of the Quantocks.
The barrow has a low symmetrical mound of 7.5m diameter, and is 0.45m high.
It was first noted by L V Grinsell in 1961.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The area of the Quantock Hills, although small in extent, is one of the few
remaining expanses of open moorland in southern Britain. Its archaeological
importance lies in the existence of a landscape displaying examples of
monuments tracing the exploitation of the hills from the Bronze Age onwards.
Well-preserved monuments from the Bronze Age and Iron Age, including round
barrows, cairns, settlements, hillforts and a trackway, as well as later
industrial remains, give insights into changes in the pattern of land use on
the hills through time. These earthworks are one of the key components of the
Quantocks' broader landscape character.
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. In excess of 30 bowl barrows can be found on
the Quantock Hills. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in
form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the
diversity of beliefs and social organisations among early prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow on Thorncombe Hill survives as a good example of its type,
seemingly without antiquarian investigation, and will contain archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrow's structure, period
of construction and environmental conditions.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Smerset Archaeological and Nat.Hist Society' in Somerset Barrows Part 1, , Vol. 113, (1969), 27

Source: Historic England

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