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Long barrow 260m north west of Cross Lodge

A Scheduled Monument in Dorstone, Herefordshire,

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Coordinates

Latitude: 52.0695 / 52°4'10"N

Longitude: -2.9752 / 2°58'30"W

OS Eastings: 333248.426121

OS Northings: 241682.52462

OS Grid: SO332416

Mapcode National: GBR F7.CW19

Mapcode Global: VH782.C7ZW

Entry Name: Long barrow 260m north west of Cross Lodge

Scheduled Date: 13 October 1954

Last Amended: 19 April 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014106

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27495

County: Herefordshire,

Civil Parish: Dorstone

Traditional County: Herefordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Herefordshire

Church of England Parish: Dorstone

Church of England Diocese: Hereford

Details

The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a Neolithic long
barrow, situated on a south facing slope below Moccas Park, and above the
River Dore. The barrow is on a slight ridge in the corner of a pasture field,
which slopes gently eastwards into a shallow dry valley. The remains include
an earthen mound of sub-rectangular form, c.26m long and up to 12m wide. The
mound is orientated WNW-ESE, and is c.2m high with a flat top. Its profile is
irregular at the eastern end due to the presence of three mature ash trees
around which animal scrapes have formed, resulting in gently sloping sides and
a squared end. The roots from a tree on the southern edge are visible across
the surface of the mound, their deeper penetration probably prohibited by a
burial chamber within. The western end is slightly narrower and steeper sided,
and curves somewhat to the north, perhaps following the line of the burial
chamber or passage beneath. A shallow depression on the north side may be the
result of early investigation of the mound. Two depressions on the southern
side appear to have been caused by animals sheltering against two of the ash
trees. The edges of what appear to be substantial stones are visible in the
bare earth of these hollows, and in the erosion scars around the trees, which
also show the mound material to be generally stony. This construction material
will have been quarried from ditches flanking the long sides of the monument,
which are now infilled and no longer visible on the surface. Approximately 8m
from the east end of the mound a slab protrudes at an angle from the ground,
and may be in its original position. The chambered tomb of Arthur's Stone is
situated c.2km north west of the monument, and is the subject of a separate
scheduling.

The barrow is fenced off on three sides, with a hedged field boundary to the
south. The fences and hedge are excluded from the scheduling, although the
ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of
long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded
nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as
earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and
their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be
nationally important.

The long barrow north west of Cross Lodge is a well preserved example of this
class of monument, and early attempts to level it have not affected the
survival of a range of archaeological evidence. The barrow mound will retain
details of its method of construction, which may include post holes for timber
revetments within, or palisades around, the mound. Within the mound, the rare
survival of human burials can make a contribution to our understanding of the
demography of the Neolithic period. Changes in technology and burial practice
may be evident if the monument was in use for a prolonged period. The buried
ground surface beneath the mound will preserve environmental evidence for the
landscape in which the barrow was constructed, as will the fills of the
flanking ditches. The ditches themselves will preserve evidence for their
original design and any modifications over time. Cross Lodge long barrow dates
from a period for which earthwork survivals are rare in Herefordshire, and
will contribute to our understanding of the social organisation and burial
practices of the county's Neolithic population. Its association with the
nearby chambered tomb of Arthur's Stone, and the promontory fort on Dorstone
Hill at which evidence for Neolithic occupation has been found, enhances the
interest of the individual monuments.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, Barrows in England and Wales, (1979)
'Transactions of the Woolhope Naturalists' Field Club' in Barrow near Peterchurch, , Vol. 34(1), (1952), 31
Other
H&W SMR, (1991)
Went, Chris, (1995)

Source: Historic England

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