Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 800m east of Windyridge Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Gilling East, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.1634 / 54°9'48"N

Longitude: -1.0876 / 1°5'15"W

OS Eastings: 459667.482977

OS Northings: 474565.488527

OS Grid: SE596745

Mapcode National: GBR NNV9.B8

Mapcode Global: WHFB4.8MB3

Entry Name: Round barrow 800m east of Windyridge Farm

Scheduled Date: 13 February 1952

Last Amended: 22 November 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014081

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28222

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Gilling East

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Gilling East Holy Cross

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow situated on a natural rise in a prominent
position in the Hambleton Hills. It is one of a wider group of similar
monuments in the area. The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing up to
4m high. It is slightly oval in shape and measures 50m by 55m in diameter. The
mound was originally surrounded by a ditch which has become infilled over the
years and is no longer visible as an earthwork.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

This barrow has survived well and therefore significant information about the
original form, burials placed within it and evidence of earlier land use
beneath the mound will be preserved.
It is one of a wider group of barrows in the area providing important insight
into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for
the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes
in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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