Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 50m south east of Windyridge Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Yearsley, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.1635 / 54°9'48"N

Longitude: -1.0995 / 1°5'58"W

OS Eastings: 458892.716508

OS Northings: 474562.224894

OS Grid: SE588745

Mapcode National: GBR NNR9.R8

Mapcode Global: WHFB4.2MP1

Entry Name: Round barrow 50m south east of Windyridge Farm

Scheduled Date: 14 March 1952

Last Amended: 1 February 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013597

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28213

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Yearsley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Brandsby All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow which is one of a number situated on
Yearsley Moor.
Although altered by agricultural activity, the barrow is still visible as a
low earth and stone mound standing 0.1m high. It is round in shape and
measures 15m in diameter. The mound was surrounded by a quarry ditch up to
3m wide which has become filled in over the years and is no longer visible as
an earthwork.
The surface of the road which crosses the south side of the monument is
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Although altered by agricultural activity, this barrow can still be identified
as an earthwork and significant information about the structure of the mound,
the surrounding ditch and the burials will be preserved. The monument is one
of a wider group of barrows in the vicinity. Similar groups of monuments are
also known across the region and offer important scope for the study of burial
practice in different geographical areas in the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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