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Two round barrows 200m NNE of Wombwell Arms

A Scheduled Monument in Yearsley, North Yorkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.1649 / 54°9'53"N

Longitude: -1.1013 / 1°6'4"W

OS Eastings: 458775.782488

OS Northings: 474715.259842

OS Grid: SE587747

Mapcode National: GBR NNR8.CR

Mapcode Global: WHFB4.1KVZ

Entry Name: Two round barrows 200m NNE of Wombwell Arms

Scheduled Date: 14 March 1952

Last Amended: 31 January 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013595

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28211

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Yearsley

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Brandsby All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes a pair of adjacent round barrows which are part of a
group of barrows situated on Yearsley Moor.
The western barrow has an earth and stone mound standing 0.3m high; it is
round in shape and 14m in diameter. The eastern barrow has a mound 7m in
diameter and is 0.3m high. Both these mounds were each surrounded by a ditch
up to 3m wide which has become filled in over the years and is no longer
visible as an earthwork.
The fence crossing the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the
ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Although altered by agricultural activity, both of these barrows are still
visible as earthworks. Therefore, significant information about the structure
of the mound, the surrounding ditch and the burials will be preserved. They
are part of a closely associated group of barrows in the vicinity. Similar
groups of monuments are also known across the region and offer important scope
for the study of burial practice in different geographical areas in the
prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)
McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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