Ancient Monuments

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Long mound 860m NNE of Whatcombe House, associated with the round barrow cemetery on the south western part of Black Down

A Scheduled Monument in Kingston Russell, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7128 / 50°42'45"N

Longitude: -2.5954 / 2°35'43"W

OS Eastings: 358056.73183

OS Northings: 90515.236256

OS Grid: SY580905

Mapcode National: GBR PT.PM3N

Mapcode Global: FRA 57G6.6P4

Entry Name: Long mound 860m NNE of Whatcombe House, associated with the round barrow cemetery on the south western part of Black Down

Scheduled Date: 31 October 1957

Last Amended: 22 April 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013847

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22985

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Kingston Russell

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Long Bredy St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a long mound situated below the crest of a north facing
chalk ridge of the South Dorset Downs, overlooking the South Winterbourne
valley. The long mound is one of a pair situated on the south western part of
Black Down, around which a cemetery containing a total of twelve round barrows
later developed during the Bronze Age; ten of these round barrows now survive.
The long mound has a mound composed of earth, chalk and flint, orientated
north west by south east with maximum dimensions of 90m in length, 15m in
width and c.0.6m in height. Flanking either side of the mound is a ditch from
which material was quarried during its construction. These are visible as
slight earthworks 1.5m-2m wide at the eastern end; elsewhere they have become
infilled, but will survive as buried features.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts relating to the modern field
boundaries, although the underlying ground is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long mounds are Neolithic monuments dating to the period 3000-2000 BC. They
take the form of a bank of earth and/or stone, rectangular in plan and
characteristically low and uniform in height, generally flanked on either side
by a quarry ditch. Long mounds can vary from 40m-140m in length, although they
are often within the range 90m-100m. Where excavated, pottery and flintwork
have been found within the mound material and, in some cases, pits containing
animal bones and charcoal exist beneath the mound. There is no evidence for
the presence of human remains, but some long mounds are known to be situated
close to contemporary funerary monuments such as passage graves and long
mortuary enclosures. In addition, some were later developed into long barrows
while others are associated with later round barrow cemeteries, and this may
indicate the persistence of a funerary tradition.
Only eight long mounds have been identified and these have a wide distribution
across England, with examples known in Dorset, Gloucestershire,
Northamptonshire, Staffordshire, Humberside and North Yorkshire.
As one of the few types of Neolithic monument to survive as earthworks, and on
account of their considerable rarity, age and longevity as a monument class,
all long mounds are considered to be of national importance.

The long mound 860m NNE of Whatcombe House survives comparatively well
and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the
monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. A second long mound is
situated a short distance to the south, making this one of very few examples
where two long mounds are found together.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Dorset: Volume 1 , (1952), 128
An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Dorset: Volume 1 , (1952), 128

Source: Historic England

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