Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 680m north east of Whatcombe House, forming part of the round barrow cemetery on the south western part of Black Down

A Scheduled Monument in Kingston Russell, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7102 / 50°42'36"N

Longitude: -2.5935 / 2°35'36"W

OS Eastings: 358190.125313

OS Northings: 90233.925484

OS Grid: SY581902

Mapcode National: GBR PT.PTW9

Mapcode Global: FRA 57G6.FFG

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 680m north east of Whatcombe House, forming part of the round barrow cemetery on the south western part of Black Down

Scheduled Date: 31 October 1957

Last Amended: 22 April 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013842

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22980

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Kingston Russell

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Long Bredy St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a chalk ridge of the South
Dorset Downs overlooking the South Winterbourne valley to the north. The
barrow forms part of a cemetery containing twelve round barrows, of which ten
survive; the cemetery appears to have developed around a pair of earlier long
mounds situated on the south western part of Black Down.
The barrow has a mound composed of earth, chalk and flint with a maximum
diameter of 13m and a maximum height of c.0.2m. Surrounding the mound is a
ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. This has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a
buried feature c.1.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.


Despite reduction by ploughing, the bowl barrow 680m north east of Whatcombe
House survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Dorset: Volume 1 , (1952), 129
Other
Detail size of mound,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

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