Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 800m NNE of Whatcombe House, forming part of the round barrow cemetery on the south western part of Black Down

A Scheduled Monument in Kingston Russell, Dorset

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Latitude: 50.7123 / 50°42'44"N

Longitude: -2.5972 / 2°35'50"W

OS Eastings: 357928.255574

OS Northings: 90471.2362

OS Grid: SY579904

Mapcode National: GBR PT.PLM5

Mapcode Global: FRA 57G6.60G

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 800m NNE of Whatcombe House, forming part of the round barrow cemetery on the south western part of Black Down

Scheduled Date: 31 October 1957

Last Amended: 22 April 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013841

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22979

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Kingston Russell

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Long Bredy St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a chalk ridge of the South
Dorset Downs with views over the Bride valley to the south and the South
Winterbourne valley to the north. The barrow forms part of a cemetery of
twelve round barrows, of which ten survive; the cemetery appears to have
developed around a pair of earlier long mounds situated on the south western
part of Black Down.
The barrow has a mound composed of earth, chalk and flint with a maximum
diameter of 15m and a maximum height of c.1.1m. Surrounding the mound is a
ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. This has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a
buried feature c.1.5m wide.
Excluded from the scheduling are all fence posts relating to the modern field
boundary, although the underlying ground is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite some plough damage around the western periphery, the bowl barrow 800m
NNE of Whatcombe House survives well and will contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Dorset: Volume 1 , (1952), 128

Source: Historic England

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