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Wayside cross at Trecott beside Wellsprings Lane

A Scheduled Monument in Sampford Courtenay, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7874 / 50°47'14"N

Longitude: -3.9358 / 3°56'8"W

OS Eastings: 263640.891075

OS Northings: 100435.107727

OS Grid: SS636004

Mapcode National: GBR KX.ZLRS

Mapcode Global: FRA 27N0.DHC

Entry Name: Wayside cross at Trecott beside Wellsprings Lane

Scheduled Date: 22 October 1971

Last Amended: 15 November 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013736

English Heritage Legacy ID: 27310

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Sampford Courtenay

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Sampford Courtenay St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

The monument includes a wayside cross at Trecott beside Wellsprings Lane and a
farm track, 40m south east of West Trecott. The cross is complete with arms
and head, although it has been repaired from 3 broken pieces with iron clamps.
The cross is 0.33m square at the base and chamfered to form an octagon above.
It measures 0.78m wide at the arms, has a thickness of 0.28m and is 2.3m high.
This cross is one of a group lying within the vicinity of Sampford Courtenay.
Excluded from the scheduling are the field boundary bank and the metalled
road surface where they fall within the cross's protective margin, although
the ground beneath both is included.
The cross is Listed Grade II.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the
medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to
serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith
amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside
crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and
otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes
linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious
function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners
and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on
pilgrimages.
Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west
England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type
of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively
few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to
remote moorland locations.
Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross,
in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an
unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and
decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces
of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or
incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was
sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear
decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the
`Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both
faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the
North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed
base or show no evidence for a separate base at all.
Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval
religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval
routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth-
fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from
their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The wayside cross at Trecott beside Wellsprings Lane survives well and is
likely to be in its original position. This is one of a group of five in the
village, an unusual concentration in this area. The cross features in local
folklore.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Masson Phillips, E, 'Devonshire Association Transactions' in The Ancient Stone Crosses of Devon : Part 1, , Vol. 69, (1936-37), 335
Other
Clayton,C, (1994)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS60SW-023, (1982)
MPP fieldwork by H. Gerrard, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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