Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Western bowl barrow of a pair, 310m SSE of Springwell Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Garton, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.0089 / 54°0'32"N

Longitude: -0.4767 / 0°28'36"W

OS Eastings: 499927.469

OS Northings: 458059.663308

OS Grid: SE999580

Mapcode National: GBR TQ32.LN

Mapcode Global: WHGDB.NH6K

Entry Name: Western bowl barrow of a pair, 310m SSE of Springwell Farm

Scheduled Date: 26 January 1967

Last Amended: 20 December 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013707

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26528

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Garton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Great Driffield All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated in a field 310m SSE of
Springwell Farm, on the southern edge of the earthwork remains of the medieval
village of Elmswell.
The barrow survives as a mound 8m in diameter and about 1.2m high and is
surrounded by a ditch 2m wide and 0.2m deep, which, although partly infilled
through the course of time, will also survive as a buried feature. Both
barrows of the pair were excavated by J R Mortimer in 1873. This barrow
contained a few sherds of pottery, what appeared to be powdered bone ash in
the centre, pieces of animal bones, a small fragment of corroded iron and a
bronze coin of possible Roman date.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The monument is one of a pair of bowl barrows surviving on the edge of the
deserted medieval village of Elmswell. Despite part excavation of this
monument, the barrow survives reasonably well. Excavation revealed that the
barrow was possibly reused during the Roman period, which is unusual. The
barrow will retain further archaeological information, including evidence for
its manner of construction, environmental information from the buried land
surface, and further burial remains.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 262-3
Bastow, M.E., AM107, (1985)
Bastow, M.E., AM107, (1989)
Craster, OE, AM7, (1966)
Humberside SMR, Sites and Monuments Records Sheet, (1994)
Walker, J., AM12, (1980)

Source: Historic England

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