Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Western bowl barrow of a pair known as the Butt Hills

A Scheduled Monument in Bridlington, East Riding of Yorkshire

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 54.0922 / 54°5'31"N

Longitude: -0.1982 / 0°11'53"W

OS Eastings: 517941.147917

OS Northings: 467755.740487

OS Grid: TA179677

Mapcode National: GBR WP13.WT

Mapcode Global: WHHF6.XDSP

Entry Name: Western bowl barrow of a pair known as the Butt Hills

Scheduled Date: 10 August 1923

Last Amended: 8 November 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013620

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26514

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Bridlington

Built-Up Area: Bridlington

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Bridlington Priory Church (St Mary)

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The monument includes one of a group of two bowl barrows, known locally as
`The Butt Hills', reflecting their probable reuse in the medieval period
as butts for archery practice.
The barrow is located in the playing field of the East Yorkshire College of
Further Education, south of a paved footpath, and lies around 100m to the west
of the other Butt Hills barrow. The monument is visible as a low grassed mound
c.1m in height, and measuring c.12m in diameter, surrounded by a ditch
c.2m wide, which is visible in places as a slight depression encircling the
mound.
The barrows are named from the tradition that they were at one time used as
archery butts for local people to practise on Sundays, after mass, although
the veracity of this has not been confirmed.
The surface of the modern tarmac pathway which lies adjacent to the northward
side of the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground
beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The monument is one of a pair of round barrows surviving within the town of
Bridlington. Although somewhat reduced in size through the passage of time, it
still retains a visible mound and a ring ditch, both of which will contain
archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument's period
and method of construction. The reuse of this barrow as an archery butt is
unusual. Such butts were used throughout the medieval period for archery
practice with the longbow, an important element of England's weaponry
throughout the medieval period.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 396
Mortimer, J R , Forty Years Researches in British and Saxon Burial Mounds of East Yorkshire, (1905), 396
Other
Humberside SMR, Sites and Monuments Records Sheet, (1994)

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.