Ancient Monuments

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Deserted medieval village of Newsham

A Scheduled Monument in Bempton, East Riding of Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.1291 / 54°7'44"N

Longitude: -0.1812 / 0°10'52"W

OS Eastings: 518949.316811

OS Northings: 471888.183077

OS Grid: TA189718

Mapcode National: GBR WN5P.LL

Mapcode Global: WHHF1.5GZX

Entry Name: Deserted medieval village of Newsham

Scheduled Date: 2 February 1976

Last Amended: 6 November 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013626

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26520

County: East Riding of Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Bempton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): East Riding of Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Bempton St Michael

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a group of earthworks, the remains of the deserted
medieval village of Newsham, situated on the south eastern side of the modern
village of Bempton, between Bolam Lane and Newsham Hill Lane.
The earthworks include a series of north facing platforms, each with a long
house at its northern end, original north-south aligned streets and lanes with
one prominent hollow way, the remains of a pond and several quarry pits,
probably dating to a later period. Present day turf levels suggest the
existence of building foundations just below the surface.
Newsham is not included in the Domesday Survey. The Manor of Newsholme and
five blocks of arable land were held by Erwin during Edward the Confessor's
reign; in 1086 it is referred to as `Nivvehusum', held by one Drogo. The first
reference to it as Newsham occurs in 1284-5, when it appears to be included as
part of Buckton and Bempton, both of which survive as shrunken villages to the
present. The village or hamlet must have always been adjacent to the parent
township of Bempton, as its area is indicated in the Tithe Award to have
formed the southern part of Bempton parish.
In 1299 the village belonged to the Canterbury fee. In the 13th century,
Bridlington priory received the lordship of Newsham as a gift from Stephen de
Meynell and held it until its last mention in 1441. By the next reference in
1535, Newsham is no longer mentioned and it is believed that the village was
deserted at an early stage, probably sometime before the 16th century.
In the field to the west side of the site there is a gravestone of one Henry
Jarratt, who was said to have committed suicide in 1721.
All modern post and wire fencing and modern animal water and feed dispensers
are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath these features
is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

The village, comprising a small group of houses, gardens, yards, streets,
paddocks, often with a green, a manor and a church, and with a community
devoted primarily to agriculture, was a significant component of the rural
landscape in most areas of medieval England, much as it is today. Villages
provided some services to the local community and acted as the main focal
point of ecclesiastical, and often of manorial, administration within each
parish. Although the sites of many of these villages have been occupied
continuously down to the present day, many others declined in size or were
abandoned throughout the medieval and post-medieval periods, particularly
during the 14th and 15th centuries. As a result over 2000 deserted medieval
villages are recorded nationally. The reasons for desertion were varied but
often reflected declining economic viability, changes in land use such as
enclosure or emparkment, or population fluctuations as a result of widespread
epidemics such as the Black Death. As a consequence of their abandonment
these villages are frequently undisturbed by later occupation and contain
well-preserved archaeological deposits. Because they are a common and
long-lived monument type in most parts of England, they provide important
information on the diversity of medieval settlement patterns and farming
economy between the regions and through time.

The deserted medieval village of Newsham survives as visible earthworks,
including house platforms and hollow ways which will retain archaeological
information relating to the medieval period; information on the layout of the
village and the structural form and function of buildings will be preserved,
as will information on its date. There are good historical references to the
site which link it to the modern shrunken villages of Bempton and Buckton.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of East Riding of Yorkshire, (1974), 12
Beresford, M W, 'Yorks. Archaeological Journal' in The Lost Villages of Yorkshire, , Vol. 38, (1952), 65
Bastow, M., AM107, (1987)
Coppack, G, AM7, (1973)
Humberside SMR, Sites and Monuments Records Sheet, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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