Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 275m west of Square Copse: part of the Square Copse barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Wootton Rivers, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.3726 / 51°22'21"N

Longitude: -1.6937 / 1°41'37"W

OS Eastings: 421417.821038

OS Northings: 163776.378405

OS Grid: SU214637

Mapcode National: GBR 4XP.YD6

Mapcode Global: VHC1W.LRGL

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 275m west of Square Copse: part of the Square Copse barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 27 June 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013364

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12252

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Wootton Rivers

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire


The monument includes a bowl barrow set below the crest of a gentle south-
facing slope in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound
survives as a low earthwork 0.7m high and 25m in diameter although it may
have been spread by cultivation. Although no longer visible at ground level
a ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument, surrounds the mound. This has filled in over the years and now
survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.
The monument is the westernmost of a dispersed round barrow cemetery,
comprising seven barrows.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite cultivation of the site over many years, parts of the barrow west of
Square Copse remain intact and have potential for the recovery of
archaeological evidence for the nature and the duration of use of the
monument and the environment within which it was constructed. The
significance of the monument is enhanced by its inclusion within a barrow
cemetery. Such groups of monuments give an indication of the intensity with
which areas were settled during the Bronze Age period as well as the
variety of beliefs and organisation present within society at that time.

Source: Historic England

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