Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 400m east of Cadley Vicarage

A Scheduled Monument in Savernake, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.3948 / 51°23'41"N

Longitude: -1.6916 / 1°41'29"W

OS Eastings: 421552.007469

OS Northings: 166241.264203

OS Grid: SU215662

Mapcode National: GBR 4XH.K3W

Mapcode Global: VHC1W.M6KL

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 400m east of Cadley Vicarage

Scheduled Date: 14 December 1956

Last Amended: 2 August 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012188

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12205

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Savernake

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Details

The monument includes two adjacent bowl barrows, aligned north-south and set
near the head of a dry valley. The northern mound is 18m in diameter and
stands to a height of 0.7m. An irregular hollow on the centre of the mound
is evidence of partial excavation of the site carried out by J W Brooke in
1889. The southern mound is also 18m in diameter and stands to a height of
1m. Both of the mounds are surrounded by a figure-of-eight shaped ditch from
which the material for both mounds was quarried. This is no longer visible
at ground level but survives as a buried feature to a width of c.3m. Finds
from the area of the ditch include Bronze Age pottery and worked flint
artefacts.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 bc. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Their ubiquity and their tendency to occupy
prominent locations makes them a major historic element in the modern
landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument
type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social
organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly
representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving
examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation of the Cadley Vicarage barrows in 1889 and recent
damage to the area of their ditch, much of the monument remains intact. It
therefore has significant potential for the recovery of archaeological
remains.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Schofield, A J, 03 April 1990, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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