Ancient Monuments

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Moated site at Winkfield Lane

A Scheduled Monument in Winkfield, Bracknell Forest

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Latitude: 51.4468 / 51°26'48"N

Longitude: -0.709 / 0°42'32"W

OS Eastings: 489810.588658

OS Northings: 172768.415687

OS Grid: SU898727

Mapcode National: GBR D7J.7KS

Mapcode Global: VHDWY.NWJR

Entry Name: Moated site at Winkfield Lane

Scheduled Date: 11 April 1979

Last Amended: 27 March 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013182

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12033

County: Bracknell Forest

Civil Parish: Winkfield

Built-Up Area: Winkfield Street

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire

Church of England Parish: Winkfield

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a sub-rectangular moated site 125m NNE of Maidens Green
Farm. The moat is aligned NW-SE and has maximum external dimensions of 130m
and 100m respectively, although now clearly defined on only three sides. The
northern arm of the moat is indicated by the hedge-line while the western arm
is defined by ponds west of the road. Where the moat can be traced it
survives to a width of 12m and a depth of up to 1m. An external bank to the
south of the monument survives to a width of 10m and a height of 0.5m. Beyond
the moat on the eastern side is an additional and possibly earlier enclosure
c.75m by 35m in size. The interior of the monument has maximum dimensions of
70m square. A building stood on the site until 1920 and a brick wall and area
of rubble indicate its location. The road is excluded from the scheduled
monument which is thus represented by two constraint areas.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known, relatively few survive in
Berkshire. This example is of particular importance as it survives well and
has a good range of features. There is also high potential for the recovery
of structural remains and archaeological features as the site survives in an
area of undisturbed grassland.

Source: Historic England


Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

Source: Historic England

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