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Moated site at Foliejon Park

A Scheduled Monument in Winkfield, Bracknell Forest

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4619 / 51°27'42"N

Longitude: -0.7018 / 0°42'6"W

OS Eastings: 490281.891607

OS Northings: 174455.500111

OS Grid: SU902744

Mapcode National: GBR D7B.9CJ

Mapcode Global: VHDWY.SJB5

Entry Name: Moated site at Foliejon Park

Scheduled Date: 13 December 1977

Last Amended: 27 March 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013174

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12032

County: Bracknell Forest

Civil Parish: Winkfield

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire

Church of England Parish: Winkfield

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes a rectangular moated site aligned east-west and situated
50m north of Home Farm. The site is visible as an earthwork, surviving in the
form of a raised area with external dimensions of 55m by 50m. The moat is dry
but survives to a width of c.17m and a depth of 0.7m. Only three arms are now
visible. The fourth (southern) arm is thought to lie under the approach road
to Home Farm. The interior measures c.20m east-west but contains no traces of
any structure. To the north of the moat and running parallel to the northern
arm is an outer bank. This survives to a height of between 1 and 2m and a
width of 17m.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known, relatively few survive in
Berkshire. This example is of particular importance as it survives well as an
example of a small moated site and has potential for the recovery of
archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
The Victoria History of the County of Berkshire: Volume III, (1923), 86
Other
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

Source: Historic England

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