Ancient Monuments

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Bell barrow 360m south-west of Ipers Bridge Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Fawley, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8235 / 50°49'24"N

Longitude: -1.4047 / 1°24'16"W

OS Eastings: 442028.640566

OS Northings: 102834.021965

OS Grid: SU420028

Mapcode National: GBR 77H.CPC

Mapcode Global: FRA 76YX.GLH

Entry Name: Bell barrow 360m south-west of Ipers Bridge Farm

Scheduled Date: 7 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013135

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20265

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Fawley

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Details

This monument includes a bell barrow situated on lowland heath overlooking the
valley of Dark Water. The barrow mound measures 7m in diameter, stands up to
0.6m high and is surrounded by a level berm or platform 1.3m wide. A hollow
in the centre of the mound may be the result of an early partial excavation.
A ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument, surrounds the berm. This has become partly infilled but survives as
a slight earthwork 1.5m wide and 0.3m deep, except on the western side where a
causeway 1m wide is visible.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating to the Early and Middle Bronze Age, with most examples
belonging to the period 1500-1100 BC. They occur either in isolation or in
round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds
covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The
burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery
and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows
(particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known
examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods
provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early
prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as
providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a
particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would
normally be considered to be of national importance.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the bell barrow 360m south-west of
Ipers Bridge Farm survives comparatively well within the New Forest, an area
known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A
considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived in this area
because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic
deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938), 213
Other
Darvill, T C, Monument Class Description - Bell Barrows, 1989,

Source: Historic England

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