Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 660m south-west of Pitts Copse Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Fawley, Hampshire

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Latitude: 50.8292 / 50°49'45"N

Longitude: -1.4042 / 1°24'15"W

OS Eastings: 442055.13896

OS Northings: 103467.950599

OS Grid: SU420034

Mapcode National: GBR 779.ZS3

Mapcode Global: FRA 76YX.2RN

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 660m south-west of Pitts Copse Farm

Scheduled Date: 14 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013107

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20336

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Fawley

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Fawley All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


This monument includes a flat-topped bowl barrow situated on the brow of an
east-facing slope overlooking a small boggy valley. The barrow mound measures
13.5m in diameter and stands up to 0.6m high. A hollow in the northern side
of the mound suggests partial excavation or robbing. The southern side of the
barrow mound has seen limited recent disturbance as a result of ploughing.
Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was
quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow. This
has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.1.5m
wide. The post-and-wire fence and the gravel track are excluded from the
scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite evidence for partial excavation and slight disturbance by ploughing,
the bowl barrow 660m south-west of Pitts Copse Farm survives comparatively
well as one of a widely scattered group of round barrows in the New Forest, an
area known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation.
A considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived in this area
because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic
deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England


Hampshire County Planning Department, SU40SW20,

Source: Historic England

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