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Three bowl barrows 420m south-west of Pitts Copse Farm forming part of the Beaulieu Heath round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Fawley, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8325 / 50°49'56"N

Longitude: -1.4041 / 1°24'14"W

OS Eastings: 442064.084154

OS Northings: 103828.781777

OS Grid: SU420038

Mapcode National: GBR 779.RV1

Mapcode Global: FRA 76YW.W9G

Entry Name: Three bowl barrows 420m south-west of Pitts Copse Farm forming part of the Beaulieu Heath round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 1 April 1959

Last Amended: 17 December 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013206

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20236

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Fawley

Built-Up Area: Blackfield

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Fawley All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

This monument includes three bowl barrows situated on a gentle east facing
slope overlooking Holbury Village. The northern barrow mound measures 20m in
diameter and stands up to 1.4m high. A slight hollow in the centre of the
mound suggests robbing or partial early excavation. The mound overlaps a
second barrow situated immediately to the south. This barrow mound measures
15m in diameter and stands up to 0.7m high. The southern barrow mound lies 8m
to the south and measures 26m in diameter and 1.8m high. All three barrows
are surrounded by ditches from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument. These have become infilled over the years and
now survive as buried features with a maximum width of c.3.5m.
The barbed wire boundary fence on the western edge of the southern barrow
mound is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath it is
included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The three bowl barrows 420m south-west of Pitts Copse Farm form part of the
Beaulieu Heath round barrow cemetery which contains a variety of barrow types.
They survive comparatively well within the New Forest, an area known to have
been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable
amount of archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack
of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration,
development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1938), 361
Grinsell, L V, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Hampshire Barrows, , Vol. 14, (1940), 361
Other
Hampshire County Planning Department, SU 40 SW 42B,

Source: Historic England

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