Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Dunge moated site

A Scheduled Monument in West Ashton, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.2877 / 51°17'15"N

Longitude: -2.1557 / 2°9'20"W

OS Eastings: 389239.652907

OS Northings: 154290.889079

OS Grid: ST892542

Mapcode National: GBR 1T8.7T9

Mapcode Global: VH973.LW7R

Entry Name: Dunge moated site

Scheduled Date: 19 October 1960

Last Amended: 29 March 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013084

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12041

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: West Ashton

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bratton St James the Great

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a moated site immediately to the north of Lower
Dunge Farm. The moat survives as a roughly rectangular enclosure
aligned NW-SE with a causeway on the south-east arm. The site
measures around 120m NW-SE and 100m NE-SW and is surrounded by a wet
moat of c.15m width and a depth of up to 2m. The island has
dimensions of 100m by 80m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known, relatively few
survive in Wiltshire. This example is particularly important as it
survives well and has a high potential for the survival of organic
remains and archaeological features.

Source: Historic England


Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

Source: Historic England

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