Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 300m east of Furze Knoll

A Scheduled Monument in Bishops Cannings, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.3999 / 51°23'59"N

Longitude: -1.9525 / 1°57'9"W

OS Eastings: 403397.644496

OS Northings: 166767.436977

OS Grid: SU033667

Mapcode National: GBR 3VT.55C

Mapcode Global: VHB49.32MN

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 300m east of Furze Knoll

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 29 January 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013068

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12170

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Bishops Cannings

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop's Cannings and Etchilhampton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow set below the crest of a steep
north-facing slope, 100m south of the Wansdyke. The barrow mound
survives as a low earthwork, 0.2m high and with a diameter of 17m.
Although no longer visible as an earthwork, a ditch from which the
mound material was quarried, surrounds the mound. This has filled in
over time and now survives as a buried feature, traces of which appear
on the surface as a ring of darker earth 4m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite records of disturbance by flint-digging on the site and
cultivation over many years, much of the Furze Knoll barrow remains
intact and has significant archaeological potential. The significance
of the monument is enhanced by the fact that numerous other round
barrows survive in the area as well as additional evidence for
contemporary settlement. This illustrates the intensity with which the
area was settled during the Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England

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