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Bowl barrow 150m east of the wireless station on Morgan's Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Bishops Cannings, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.403 / 51°24'10"N

Longitude: -1.9547 / 1°57'16"W

OS Eastings: 403248.554294

OS Northings: 167105.234164

OS Grid: SU032671

Mapcode National: GBR 3VM.YDS

Mapcode Global: VHB43.2ZHV

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 150m east of the wireless station on Morgan's Hill

Scheduled Date: 18 March 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1014040

English Heritage Legacy ID: 28107

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Bishops Cannings

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop's Cannings and Etchilhampton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated 150m east of the wireless station
on Morgan's Hill. It is 30m east of a NNW-SSE aligned cross ridge dyke.
The barrow mound has been partly levelled by cultivation but survives as a
low spread of chalk, visible at ground level. This measures c.17m in
diameter and stands up to 0.3m high. Surrounding the original extent of the
mound is a 2m wide quarry ditch from which material was obtained
during its construction. This has become infilled over the years but survives
buried below the modern ground level. The barrow was partly excavated in
the 1850s when the cremated remains of a child were found in a secondary
burial.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial monuments in the
country. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with
most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally and around 320 in the Avebury area. This group of
monuments will provide important information on the development of this area
during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods. All surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been partly levelled by cultivation, the bowl barrow 150m east
of the wireless station on Morgan's Hill survives as a visible earthwork. It
is known from part excavation to contain archaeological and environmental
evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SU06NW 644, C.A.O., Bowl barrow, (1975)
SU06NW 659, C.A.O., Linear ditch, (1975)

Source: Historic England

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