Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 1km north-east of Baltic Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Bishops Cannings, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.4053 / 51°24'19"N

Longitude: -1.927 / 1°55'37"W

OS Eastings: 405176.4634

OS Northings: 167368.177092

OS Grid: SU051673

Mapcode National: GBR 3VN.ZK3

Mapcode Global: VHB43.KY42

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 1km north-east of Baltic Farm

Scheduled Date: 16 July 1956

Last Amended: 7 March 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013059

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12193

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Bishops Cannings

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop's Cannings and Etchilhampton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow set above the floor of a dry
valley immediately north of Bishop's Cannings Down. The barrow mound
stands to 0.5m high and is 23m in diameter. It is visible both as a
low earthwork and an area of lighter soil. Although no longer visible
at ground level the barrow is surrounded by a ditch from which the
mound material was quarried. This has become infilled over the years
but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some damage due to cultivation, much of the bowl barrow north-
east of Baltic Farm, particularly ditch deposits and the buried land
surface, survives intact and the monument has significant
archaeological potential. The presence of numerous other barrows and
additional evidence for contemporary settlement on and around Bishop's
Cannings Down provides a clear indication of the intensity with which
the area was settled during the Bronze Age, further enhancing the
importance of the monument.

Source: Historic England

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