Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow forming part of a round barrow cemetery 120m north of the Devizes to Beckhampton road on North Down

A Scheduled Monument in Bishops Cannings, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.4074 / 51°24'26"N

Longitude: -1.9174 / 1°55'2"W

OS Eastings: 405842.27687

OS Northings: 167602.9024

OS Grid: SU058676

Mapcode National: GBR 3VP.N2W

Mapcode Global: VHB43.QW6F

Entry Name: Bowl barrow forming part of a round barrow cemetery 120m north of the Devizes to Beckhampton road on North Down

Scheduled Date: 30 August 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012898

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21856

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Bishops Cannings

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop's Cannings and Etchilhampton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a levelled bowl barrow forming part of a round barrow
cemetery 120m north of the Devizes to Beckhampton road on North Down. The
cemetery contains six barrows in all, including three bell barrows and three
bowl barrows. All lie in a gentle east to west facing trough on the down,
overlooked by other groups of barrows.
The barrow mound has been reduced by cultivation and is no longer visible at
ground level. However, from aerial photographs and previous observations it is
known to measure c.21m in diameter and to have stood up to 1m high.
Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained
during its construction. This has become infilled over the years but survives
as a buried feature c.2.5m wide.
Excluded from the scheduling is the post and wire boundary fence which runs
north to south across it although the ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual
monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age
(2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows -
rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries
developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in
some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period.
They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently
including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated
with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has
occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have
often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland
England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are
clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both
here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their
longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of
beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All
examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been levelled by cultivation, the bowl barrow forming part of
the cemetery on North Down is known from aerial photographs to survive and
will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its
construction and the landscape in which it was built.

Source: Historic England


SU 06 NE 700, C.A.O., BOWL BARROW, (1980)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Series
Source Date: 1980
SU 06 NE

Source: Historic England

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