Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow forming part of a round barrow cemetery situated 120m NNW of Down Barn on North Down

A Scheduled Monument in Bishops Cannings, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.4072 / 51°24'25"N

Longitude: -1.9094 / 1°54'33"W

OS Eastings: 406396.319778

OS Northings: 167575.327222

OS Grid: SU063675

Mapcode National: GBR 3VP.Q2Z

Mapcode Global: VHB43.VWFM

Entry Name: Bowl barrow forming part of a round barrow cemetery situated 120m NNW of Down Barn on North Down

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1925

Last Amended: 13 September 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013238

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21860

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Bishops Cannings

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop's Cannings and Etchilhampton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow, situated 120m NNW of Down Barn on North
Down. The barrow forms part of a dispersed barrow cemetery which
includes at least 24 barrows. This is one of a number of cemeteries located on
the Downs. The barrow has a mound which has been reduced by cultivation but
survives as a spread of material c.26m in diameter and 0.2m high.
Originally, the mound would have stood anything up to 1m high and measured
c.20m in diameter. Surrounding the original extent of the mound is a 2m wide
quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This
survives as a buried feature below the spread of mound material.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual
monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age
(2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows -
rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries
developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in
some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period.
They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently
including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated
with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has
occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have
often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland
England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are
clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both
here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their
longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of
beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All
examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been reduced by cultivation, the bowl barrow 120m NNW of Down
Barn survives as a visible earthwork and will contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to the cemetery and the landscape in which
it was built.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Pugh, RB (ed), The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume II, (1957), 158
WILTSHIRE list of Scheduled monuments, ENGLISH HERITAGE, Group of barrows N of Down Barn, COUNTY LIST OF SCHEDULED MONUMENTS (Wiltshire), (1992)

Source: Historic England

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