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Bowl barrow 640m south west of Beckhampton Buildings forming part of a round barrow cemetery on North Down

A Scheduled Monument in Bishops Cannings, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.4069 / 51°24'24"N

Longitude: -1.903 / 1°54'10"W

OS Eastings: 406845.569801

OS Northings: 167544.798499

OS Grid: SU068675

Mapcode National: GBR 3VP.RPQ

Mapcode Global: VHB43.YWVV

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 640m south west of Beckhampton Buildings forming part of a round barrow cemetery on North Down

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1925

Last Amended: 13 September 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013242

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21864

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Bishops Cannings

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop's Cannings and Etchilhampton St Mary the Virgin

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated 640m south west of
Beckhampton Buildings. The barrow forms part of a dispersed barrow cemetery
which includes at least 24 barrows. This is one of a number of cemeteries
located on the Downs.
The barrow has a mound which survives as an upstanding earthwork 22.5m in
diameter and 1.6m high. It is known from aerial photographs and field survey
records to have originally measured 24m across. Surrounding the mound, but no
longer visible at ground level, is a quarry ditch from which material was
obtained during its construction. This has become infilled over the years but
survives as a buried feature 2.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Early Bronze Age
periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised, with references in the
17th century, are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a
World Heritage Site. In the Avebury area, the henge monument itself, the West
Kennet Avenue, the Sanctuary, West Kennet long barrow, Windmill Hill
causewayed enclosure and the enigmatic Silbury Hill are well-known. Whilst the
other Neolithic long barrows, the many Bronze Age round barrows and other
associated sites are less well-known, together they define one of the richest
and most varied areas of Neolithic and Bronze Age ceremonial and ritual
monuments in the country. Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age
(2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows -
rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries
developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in
some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period.
They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently
including several different types of round barrow and occasionally associated
with earlier long barrows. Where investigation beyond the round barrows has
occurred, contemporary or later `flat' burials between the barrow mounds have
often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland
England with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases they are
clustered around other important contemporary monuments, as is the case both
here and at Stonehenge. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major
historic element in the modern landscape, while their diversity and their
longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of
beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. All
examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 640m south west of Beckhampton Buildings survives well despite
partial reduction by cultivation and will contain archaeological and
environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which
it was built.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SU 06 NE 083, R.C.H.M.(E), Ploughed bowl barrow, (1973)
SU06NE 731, C.A.O., Ploughed bowl barrow, (1980)

Source: Historic England

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