Ancient Monuments

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Julliberrie's Grave Long Barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Chilham, Kent

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2405 / 51°14'25"N

Longitude: 0.9749 / 0°58'29"E

OS Eastings: 607745.655216

OS Northings: 153238.571642

OS Grid: TR077532

Mapcode National: GBR SX6.19P

Mapcode Global: VHKK9.V27W

Entry Name: Julliberrie's Grave Long Barrow

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 14 September 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013000

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12766

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Chilham

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent

Details

The Long Barrow is situated on a false crest of the North Downs overlooking
the Great Stour, 1km east of the village of Chilham. It is oriented SSE-NNW
with its broader end towards the NNW. The original terminal of the monument
at this end has been quarried away but it is estimated that some three-
quarters of the original length remains.
The most distinctive feature of the monument is the elongated earthen mound,
measuring today some 45m in length and 8-10m in width. It stands to a height
of ca.1.8m above the level of the surrounding land at the more northerly end,
diminishing to less then 1m at the opposite end. In addition to the mound,
however, there are two flanking ditches, similar in length to the mound
itself, which are now completely infilled and undetectable but which were
traced by excavation in the 1930s. It was these flanking ditches from which
the earth and chalk used to construct the mound was quarried. A berm of 1.5m
separated the mound from the flanking ditches.
The excavations carried out in 1936 established that the surviving barrow
mound formerly extended further northwards, perhaps forming a mound 60m in
overall length. Quarry ditches were located at the lip of the quarry on both
sides of the mound and cuttings were made across the ditches in four other
places. The main burial chamber, it was concluded, had probably been lost to
the quarrying, but evidence in the form of artefacts and other sources such as
pollen is considered to survive within the remaining mound.
The surface of the footpath running across the monument at the quarry edge is
excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

This example, although damaged by quarrying at the more northerly end,
survives as an impressive earthwork mound and retains high archaeological
potential. It also forms part of a small group of such monument associated
with the Stour valley.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Jessup, R, Excavations at Julliberrie's Grave, Chilham, Kent, (1937)
Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Long Barrows, (1989)

Source: Historic England

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