Ancient Monuments

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Long barrow and two bowl barrows, 400m north of Chattis Hill House

A Scheduled Monument in Broughton, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1204 / 51°7'13"N

Longitude: -1.5304 / 1°31'49"W

OS Eastings: 432961.306303

OS Northings: 135783.996212

OS Grid: SU329357

Mapcode National: GBR 73N.PX0

Mapcode Global: VHC3B.F39F

Entry Name: Long barrow and two bowl barrows, 400m north of Chattis Hill House

Scheduled Date: 23 October 1967

Last Amended: 19 October 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012998

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12116

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Broughton

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Broughton St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

The monument includes a long barrow and two bowl barrows, all
surviving as earthworks and inconspicuously sited across a gentle
south-facing slope on a low spur. The long barrow is rectangular in
plan and orientated east-west. It survives to a length of 51m, is 16m
wide and 0.3m high. Flanking quarry ditches, surviving as buried
features, run parallel and adjacent to the mound on its north and
south sides. These survive to an average width of 5m.
The site was investigated in the late 19th century, producing
contracted skeletons and a secondary cremation. At a distance of
c.150m south-east of the long barrow are two bowl barrows, in close
proximity to each other and orientated east-west. The western of the
two mounds has a diameter of c.20m and the eastern mound a diameter of
22m. Both are 1m high. Ditches c.5m wide surround each of the mounds,
possibly converging in the area between them. Although no longer
visible as earthwork features, these survive below-ground and can be
defined by rings of darker earth surrounding the mounds.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with
flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the early
neolithic period (3000-2400bc). Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only partial
human remains selected for interment. Some 500 long barrows are
recorded in England. As one of the few types of neolithic structure to
survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long
barrows, unless very severely damaged, are considered to be nationally
important.
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary
monuments dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze
Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500bc. They were
constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. There are over 10,000 surviving
bowl barrows recorded nationally.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.
The significance of both the long barrow and the bowl barrows in
enhanced considerably due to their close proximity.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979), 12-13
Godwin, G N, 'Hampshire Notes and Queries' in Hampshire Field Club: Meeting at Houghton, Broughton..., , Vol. ix, (1898), 49-56

Source: Historic England

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