Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Long barrow 50m north-east of Down Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Nether Wallop, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.1469 / 51°8'48"N

Longitude: -1.5388 / 1°32'19"W

OS Eastings: 432354.401461

OS Northings: 138721.568003

OS Grid: SU323387

Mapcode National: GBR 73G.1R6

Mapcode Global: VHC34.8FVP

Entry Name: Long barrow 50m north-east of Down Farm

Scheduled Date: 11 October 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012511

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12102

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Nether Wallop

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Nether Wallop St Andrew

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes a long barrow situated on level ground towards the
corner of an arable field. The barrow mound is orientated SE-NW and is ovate
in plan with maximum dimensions of 34m long and 28m wide at the centre where
it rises to a height of c.1m. Flanking quarry ditches adjoin the mound on its
north and south sides. These survive to a depth of 0.2m and are 7.5m wide.
The mound is visible from three other long barrows, two are 600m to the SW and
another 1km to the SE.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset from the densest and
one of the most important concentrations of monuments of this type in the
country. This example is important as it is one of a rare cluster of similar
barrows and, with no evidence of formal excavation, it has considerable
archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)

Source: Historic England

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