Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Long barrow 125m north-west of Waters Down Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Longstock, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.1414 / 51°8'28"N

Longitude: -1.5227 / 1°31'21"W

OS Eastings: 433485.027142

OS Northings: 138120.734171

OS Grid: SU334381

Mapcode National: GBR 73G.CV7

Mapcode Global: VHC34.KKCW

Entry Name: Long barrow 125m north-west of Waters Down Farm

Scheduled Date: 11 October 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012513

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12109

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Longstock

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Longstock St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes a long barrow, surviving as a shallow earthwork,
conspicuously sited along the edge of a ridge above scarps falling steeply to
the south-east and gently to the north-west. The east end of the mound has
been truncated by a metalled road and levelled verge. The barrow mound is
orientated NE-SW and tapers slightly in plan with the broad end facing NE.
It survives to a length of 42m and is 15m wide. It reaches a maximum height
of 1.4m against the field boundary. Flanking quarry ditches run parallel to
the NW and SE of the mound and survive to a width of between 5m and 9m. Both
are visible as shallow earthworks and areas of darker soil.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and
one of the most important concentrations of monuments of this type in the
country. This example is regarded as important as, despite localised damage,
it survives comparatively well and, with no evidence of formal excavation, the
site has considerable archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)

Source: Historic England

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