Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Medieval moated site and earlier earthwork south of Boughton Hall

A Scheduled Monument in Send, Surrey

We don't have any photos of this monument yet. Why don't you be the first to send us one?

Upload Photo »

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.


Latitude: 51.2864 / 51°17'11"N

Longitude: -0.518 / 0°31'4"W

OS Eastings: 503443.840724

OS Northings: 155185.196751

OS Grid: TQ034551

Mapcode National: GBR 0T.S2L

Mapcode Global: VHFV8.ZX0Q

Entry Name: Medieval moated site and earlier earthwork south of Boughton Hall

Scheduled Date: 11 October 1954

Last Amended: 19 June 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012788

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12754

County: Surrey

Civil Parish: Send

Built-Up Area: West Clandon

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Surrey

Church of England Parish: Send

Church of England Diocese: Guildford


The monument includes the moat and the internal area which formed the site
of a moated manor house, and also the earthworks and internal area of an
earlier and larger enclosure.
The earlier enclosure, which survives as faint banks with outer ditches, is
four-sided and measures some 140m E-W by 105m N-S. Gaps in the low banks
suggest that the enclosure had three entrances. It is most easily visible as
dark areas of grass where the water retained in the former ditches has
encouraged lusher growth. The enclosure has been interpreted as a stock
enclosure because its three entrances would make a defensive function
The moat measures some 70m along each arm and is 6m wide. It differs from
many similar examples in having an inset of some 12m at the N corner. The
moat is now only seasonally wet but may have been fed by a stream from the
west, via the ditch of the earlier enclosure, in its original water-filled
form. The moat island, on which the manorial buildings were sited, is
raised by about 0.5m above the surrounding ground level.
The recent field drains and fencing across the larger enclosure are excluded
from the scheduling.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moat south of Boughton Hall survives well despite the former presence of
a piggery on the moat island. It is of somewhat unusual form and retains
considerable potential for the recovery of evidence of the nature and duration
of use of the site both from the moat island and from the moat itself.
The presence on the same site of an earlier enclosure adds to the importance
of the moated site as well as providing the opportunity to study the history
of land uses in the area from the evidence contained in the infilled ditches
and beneath the low banks, a situation rare in the South East.

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
NMR ref: TQ 05 NW 16,
Surrey Ant. 2639,
Surrey Ant. 467,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself. is a Good Stuff website.