Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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The middle one of three enclosures north of Ford Waste

A Scheduled Monument in Cornwood, Devon

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Latitude: 50.4409 / 50°26'27"N

Longitude: -3.9625 / 3°57'45"W

OS Eastings: 260739.393612

OS Northings: 61955.570967

OS Grid: SX607619

Mapcode National: GBR Q5.GMY1

Mapcode Global: FRA 27LW.G38

Entry Name: The middle one of three enclosures north of Ford Waste

Scheduled Date: 12 January 1961

Last Amended: 10 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012769

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10768

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Cornwood

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This enclosure lies set into the south-east facing slope north of Ford Waste
and consists of a bank up to 2m in width and 0.5m in height, with some stones
standing higher. The bank has been partly robbed of stone near the newtake
wall which runs south east of the enclosure. The enclosure measures some 50m
east/west by 35m north/south and contains one hut circle near the northern
bank. The hut circle measures 12m in diameter and has walls up to 1.5m in
thickness and 0.5m in height, with a probable entrance to the south and some
internal facing.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor
there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of
stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though
earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or
as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to
accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size
and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their
particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to
other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of
social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This middle enclosure of the three north of Ford Waste forms part of a dense
concentration of occupation evidence along Ford Brook.

Source: Historic England


SX66SW-099, SX66SW-099, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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