Ancient Monuments

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Enclosure west of Ford Brook

A Scheduled Monument in Cornwood, Devon

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Latitude: 50.444 / 50°26'38"N

Longitude: -3.9653 / 3°57'55"W

OS Eastings: 260550.482668

OS Northings: 62309.770011

OS Grid: SX605623

Mapcode National: GBR Q5.GF72

Mapcode Global: FRA 27LW.70S

Entry Name: Enclosure west of Ford Brook

Scheduled Date: 10 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012801

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10771

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Cornwood

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon


This enclosure lies on a south-east facing slope west of Ford Brook, half way
between two groups of enclosures and stone hut circles on the same slope. It
measures 20m by 30m and consists of a bank of earth and stone up to 2m in
width and 0.5m in height, with a wide opening to the north-east and traces of
internal banks of stone and earth within it.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor
there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of
stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though
earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or
as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to
accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size
and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their
particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to
other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of
social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This enclosure west of Ford Brook forms part of a dense concentration of
occupation evidence along the Brook.

Source: Historic England


SX66SW-138, SX66SW-138, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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