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The southern of three enclosures north of Ford Waste

A Scheduled Monument in Cornwood, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4404 / 50°26'25"N

Longitude: -3.9616 / 3°57'41"W

OS Eastings: 260802.484003

OS Northings: 61896.003422

OS Grid: SX608618

Mapcode National: GBR Q5.GN53

Mapcode Global: FRA 27LW.NFC

Entry Name: The southern of three enclosures north of Ford Waste

Scheduled Date: 12 January 1961

Last Amended: 10 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012700

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10765

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Cornwood

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This enclosure lies on a south-east facing slope north of Ford Waste. It is
sub-rectangular in shape, with an indentation in the north-west side and two
hut circles close to this feature. The enclosure is cut by a later newtake
wall and corn ditch. The enclosure measures 80m in length (east/west) and 40m
in width (north/south) and has a bank of earth and stone up to 3m in width and
0.5m in height, partly robbed of stone in the vicinity of the newtake wall.
The south-east bank lies on a lynchet. The huts are 6m and 9m in diameter
respectively, with walls up to 3m in thickness and 0.3m in height.
The intake wall is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath
it is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor
there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of
stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though
earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or
as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to
accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size
and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their
particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to
other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of
social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.
They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial
proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This enclosure with hut circles north of Ford Waste forms part of a dense
concentration of occupation evidence along Ford Brook.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
SX66SW-099, SX66SW-099, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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