Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Long barrow in the grounds of Long Barrow House

A Scheduled Monument in Droxford, Hampshire

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Latitude: 50.9574 / 50°57'26"N

Longitude: -1.1391 / 1°8'20"W

OS Eastings: 460561.059808

OS Northings: 117908.551873

OS Grid: SU605179

Mapcode National: GBR 98S.SZC

Mapcode Global: FRA 86HL.41C

Entry Name: Long barrow in the grounds of Long Barrow House

Scheduled Date: 12 June 1969

Last Amended: 28 January 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012694

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12091

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Droxford

Built-Up Area: Droxford

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Droxford St Mary and All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth


The monument survives as an earthen mound in a private garden,
situated just off the crest of a steep east-facing slope above the
River Meon. The barrow mound is rectangular in plan, flat- topped and
orientated NE-SW. It is 30m long, 15m wide and stands to an average
height of 3.2m above the ground surface. Clean, closely packed chalk
rubble is exposed in the sides of a central quarry pit dug into the
mound. A large ditch, from which mound material was quarried, is
recorded as having been found by a former owner in the garden to the
east. Both this and the western ditch survive as buried features,
having been infilled over the years.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the
densest and one of the most important concentrations of monuments of
this type in the country. The Long Barrow House monument is
significant as it survives comparatively well and, with no evidence of
formal excavation, has considerable archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)

Source: Historic England

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