Ancient Monuments

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Long barrow 640m south-east of Stock's Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Soberton, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.9719 / 50°58'18"N

Longitude: -1.0929 / 1°5'34"W

OS Eastings: 463788.589509

OS Northings: 119555.214365

OS Grid: SU637195

Mapcode National: GBR B9Z.SNL

Mapcode Global: FRA 86LJ.XQP

Entry Name: Long barrow 640m south-east of Stock's Farm

Scheduled Date: 29 May 1974

Last Amended: 28 January 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012946

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12090

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Soberton

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Meonstoke with Corhampton

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes a long barrow conspicuously sited on a low ridge which
forms the highest ground in a broad valley. The mound is orientated NE-SW and
is about 80m long and 20m wide. Although the centre of the mound has been
disturbed by quarrying, it stands to a height of 2m. The mound is flanked by
ditches from which the mound material was quarried. Although no longer
visible at ground level, these survive as buried features to a width of 5.5m.
Berms, up to 2m wide, separate the ditches from the mound. Human bones are
recorded as having been found on the site. These may have been discovered
during quarrying activities.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking
ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic
periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early
farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments
surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows
appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the
human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide
evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and,
consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites
for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long
barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic
structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their
considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are
considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Wiltshire and Dorset form the densest and
one of the most significant concentrations of monuments of this type in the
country. The Stock's Farm barrow is important as, despite some disturbance to
the site by quarrying, it survives comparatively well and, with no evidence of
formal excavation, the monument has considerable archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Draper, C, Mesolithic And Neolithic Distribution In SE Hampshire, (1955)
Smith, I F , Long Barrows in Hampshire and the Isle of Wight, (1979)
Other
Title: Ordnance Survey 6" Map
Source Date: 1910
Author:
Publisher:
Surveyor:

Source: Historic England

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