Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 610m east of Crux Easton Church

A Scheduled Monument in Ashmansworth, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.303 / 51°18'10"N

Longitude: -1.3833 / 1°22'59"W

OS Eastings: 443087.9799

OS Northings: 156169.01786

OS Grid: SU430561

Mapcode National: GBR 831.C2H

Mapcode Global: VHC2F.ZH2Y

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 610m east of Crux Easton Church

Scheduled Date: 10 September 1926

Last Amended: 20 May 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012688

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12153

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Ashmansworth

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Crux Easton St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes a bowl barrow set below the crest of a gentle south-
facing slope. The barrow mound survives to a height of 1.5m and is 25m in
diameter. A ditch c.3m wide surrounds the mound, surviving as a shallow
earthwork 0.2m deep to the north and south and as a buried feature to the
east and west.
A hollow 0.5m deep at the centre of the mound suggests the monument may once
have been partially excavated, probably in the 19th century.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite evidence for partial excavation of the Crux Easton church barrow
mound, much of the monument remains intact and therefore has considerable
archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England

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