Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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A bowl barrow on the southern spur of Beacon Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Burghclere, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.3101 / 51°18'36"N

Longitude: -1.3434 / 1°20'36"W

OS Eastings: 445863.056758

OS Northings: 156985.357566

OS Grid: SU458569

Mapcode National: GBR 82X.WQ2

Mapcode Global: VHCZX.NBNH

Entry Name: A bowl barrow on the southern spur of Beacon Hill

Scheduled Date: 17 November 1971

Last Amended: 26 September 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012034

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25612

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Burghclere

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Highclere St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes a bowl barrow of Bronze Age date on the spur running
south from the summit of Beacon Hill, a ridge of Upper Chalk south of the
Kennet valley. The barrow lies c.120m south of the entrance of a large
univallate hillfort.
The barrow mound is 6.5m in diameter and has a maximum height of 0.25m.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during the
construction of the monument. This has become infilled over the years but
survives as a buried feature 1.5m wide. The mound has slight irregularities
which may be the result of antiquarian excavation.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some evidence for disturbance, the bowl barrow on the southern spur of
Beacon Hill survives well and will contain archaeological and environmental
information relating to its construction and use.

Source: Historic England

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