Ancient Monuments

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Enclosure and stone hut circle 200m south of Broad Hole

A Scheduled Monument in Dartmoor Forest, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5881 / 50°35'17"N

Longitude: -3.9913 / 3°59'28"W

OS Eastings: 259134.22483

OS Northings: 78373.228147

OS Grid: SX591783

Mapcode National: GBR Q3.Z6LF

Mapcode Global: FRA 27JJ.2VH

Entry Name: Enclosure and stone hut circle 200m south of Broad Hole

Scheduled Date: 2 March 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012542

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22251

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Dartmoor Forest

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Details

This monument includes an oval enclosure with a single stone hut circle built
across the northern line of the boundary wall and is situated on a terrace
lying immediately west of the River Cowsic. The interior of the enclosure
measures 21m east to west by 13m north to south and is defined by rubble
walling 1.5m thick and 0.4m high. A lowering of the wall just east of the
stone hut circle may indicate the position of the entrance.
The stone hut circle is composed of a stone and earth wall 1.4m wide and 0.6m
high defining an internal area measuring 2.3m in diameter. A circular stone
built structure is attached to the western wall of the hut and measures 1.3m
in internal diameter and is defined by a 1.2m wide and 0.2m high wall.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The enclosure and stone hut circle 200m south of Broad Hole survive
comparatively well as an example of a form of settlement relatively rare on
Dartmoor. They form part of a discrete but more extensive dispersed settlement
pattern in the upper Cowsic valley, including two large enclosed settlements,
four small enclosures with single huts and a number of unenclosed stone hut
circles.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Butler, J, 'Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities' in Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities - The North, , Vol. 2, (1991), 125
Other
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
National Archaeological Record, SX57NE8,

Source: Historic England

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