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Stone hut circle 655m south-west of Beardown Man forming part of a dispersed settlement on the eastern slope of Conies Down Tor

A Scheduled Monument in Dartmoor Forest, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5955 / 50°35'43"N

Longitude: -3.9918 / 3°59'30"W

OS Eastings: 259118.724796

OS Northings: 79199.218864

OS Grid: SX591791

Mapcode National: GBR Q3.YSJ2

Mapcode Global: FRA 27JH.GN2

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 655m south-west of Beardown Man forming part of a dispersed settlement on the eastern slope of Conies Down Tor

Scheduled Date: 2 March 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012573

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22259

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Dartmoor Forest

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Widecombe-in-the-Moor St Pancras

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on an east facing slope
overlooking the River Cowsic and forming part of a dispersed settlement on the
lower slopes of Conies Down Tor. The structure is terraced into the hillslope
and is composed of stone and earth walling. The interior of the structure
measures 4m in diameter and is defined by a 1.2m wide wall standing up to 0.4m
high.
This structure is situated within the centre of the settlement.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and,
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most
complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The
great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence
for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards.
The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites,
major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as
later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes
in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements
were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date
from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building
tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low
walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch
roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups
and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although
they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other
monument types provide important information on the diversity of social
organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are
particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of
surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle 655m south-west of Beardown Man survives comparatively
well and forms part of a discrete but more extensive dispersed settlement
pattern in the upper Cowsic valley, including two large enclosed settlements,
four small enclosures with single huts and a number of unenclosed stone hut
circles.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)

Source: Historic England

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