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Moated site south of Eastwick Hall Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Eastwick, Hertfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7924 / 51°47'32"N

Longitude: 0.0726 / 0°4'21"E

OS Eastings: 543034.731996

OS Northings: 212451.91831

OS Grid: TL430124

Mapcode National: GBR LD8.F6K

Mapcode Global: VHHM6.66QR

Entry Name: Moated site south of Eastwick Hall Farm

Scheduled Date: 19 June 1978

Last Amended: 4 January 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012184

English Heritage Legacy ID: 11520

County: Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Eastwick

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Gilston with Eastwick

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans

Details

The monument consists of the' well-preserved remains of a Medieval
moated enclosure. The moat forms a rectangle, measuring 80m. by 70m.
in maximum dimension, with the southern side defined by a slight
scarp. The other three sides are formed by a broad 15m wide ditch
measuring 1.5m. deep in places. The north-west arm of the moat is
water filled and fed by a small stream. A low outer bank surrounds the
complete lengths of ditch. The surface of the island is uneven
indicating the potential presence of internal buildings and
structures. Parallel to the site on the south-west side is an oblong
pond considered to be associated with the moat.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moat is a fine example of a single island site' surviving in very
good condition. With its water-logged ditches and undisturbed
interior, the moat has good potential for the preservation of
archaeological and environmental remains. The moat forms one of a pair
of well-preserved moats, located on either side of the valley, at
Eastwick.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
'TEHAS' in TEHAS, , Vol. 11, (1940)

Source: Historic England

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