Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 230m north of Harlow Hospital

A Scheduled Monument in Little Parndon and Hare Street, Essex

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Latitude: 51.7739 / 51°46'26"N

Longitude: 0.0863 / 0°5'10"E

OS Eastings: 544039.932322

OS Northings: 210421.956707

OS Grid: TL440104

Mapcode National: GBR LDG.QNM

Mapcode Global: VHHM6.FNZY

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 230m north of Harlow Hospital

Scheduled Date: 5 May 1948

Last Amended: 28 July 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009239

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20655

County: Essex

Electoral Ward/Division: Little Parndon and Hare Street

Built-Up Area: Harlow

Traditional County: Essex

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Essex

Church of England Parish: Harlow Town Centre St Paul with St Mary's, Little Parndon

Church of England Diocese: Chelmsford


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the flood plain of the River
Stort. It is visible as an earthen mound which measures 20m in diameter and
c.1.3m in height. The west side of the barrow has been slightly disturbed by
a modern drainage ditch. Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch,
from which material was excavated during the construction of the monument,
surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled over the years but
survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite having been slightly damaged on its western side, the bowl barrow 230m
north of Harlow Hospital is well-preserved and will retain archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape
in which it was constructed. Two other bowl barrows occur to the south and,
as a group, these provide a valuable insight into the Bronze Age occupation of
the area.

Source: Historic England


070250, Information from SMR,

Source: Historic England

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